Definitions of terms and regulations

All | # A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
There are currently 33 glossary in this directory beginning with the letter A.
absorption half-life
The time it takes to absorb half of the chemical.
absorption time
How long it takes the drug to get into circulation.
Access to Treatment Committee
The Committee at n-Lorem that reviews proposals from physicians to treat genetically confirmed nano-rare disease patients.
adaptive immunity
The function of adaptive immune responses is to destroy invading pathogens and any toxic molecules they produce.
adeno-associated virus (AAV Vector)
Part of the genetic information an associated virus has.
adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
A molecule that provides energy to cells and is involved in many cellular processes, including muscle contraction, protein synthesis, and cell division.
adrenergic system
Produces adrenaline and noradrenaline and can make the plasma membrane more unstable, which results in an increase in heart rate.
aerobic metabolism
The process by which cells convert oxygen and nutrients into energy (ATP), carbon dioxide, and water.
A suspension of fine solid or liquid particles in gas. In medicine, aerosols can be used to administer drugs.
A chemical that interacts with a receptor and causes a positive activation of the signaling system.
A hormone made in the adrenals that encourages the kidney to get rid of water.
One of two or more alternative forms of a gene that arise by mutation and are found at the same place on a chromosome.
Small, air-filled sacs in the lungs where gas exchange between the air and blood takes place.
amino acids
The building blocks of proteins, consisting of organic compounds containing an amino group and a carboxyl group.
amyloid kidney disease
A type of kidney disease caused by the buildup of abnormal proteins (amyloid) in the kidneys, leading to kidney damage and dysfunction.
anaerobic metabolism
The process by which cells convert nutrients into energy without the use of oxygen.
A chemical substance that is the subject of chemical analysis.
A bulging, weakened area in the wall of a blood vessel that can rupture and cause serious bleeding or other complications.
A chemical that prevents the activation of a signaling system.
Chemicals that cause antibodies to be created.
antisense oligonucleotides (ASOs)
Short, synthetic, single-stranded oligodeoxynucleotides that can alter RNA and reduce, restore or modify protein expression through several distinct mechanisms.
The main artery in the body that carries oxygen-rich blood from the heart to the rest of the body.
A problem with the rate or rhythm of your heartbeat.
Small blood vessels that carry blood away from your heart; connectors between your arteries and capillaries.
A blood vessel that carries oxygen-rich blood away from the heart to the body's tissues.
A group of conditions characterized by inflammation and damage to the joints, causing pain, stiffness, and loss of mobility.
Collapse in alveoli that results in imbalances between air and blood flow.
Stiffening of arteries due to a buildup of fat or lipids on an arterial wall.
atrial fibrillation
The more extreme version of atrial flutter.
atrial flutter
A type of heart rhythm disorder (arrhythmia) caused by problems in the heart's electrical system.
atrioventricular block
A delay or disturbance in the transmission of an impulse from the atria to the ventricles.
autonomic nerves
Nerves that regulate involuntary body functions such as heart rate, digestion, and breathing.
autonomic nervous system
A component of the peripheral nervous system that regulates involuntary physiologic processes including heart rate, blood pressure, respiration, and digestion.

We cannot do
this alone

Together we are changing the world—
one patient at a time

We hope that you join us on this journey to discover, develop and provide individualized antisense medicines for free for life for nano-rare patients. The ultimate personalized medicine approach – for free, for life.

We need your support

Join us on our Corps of Discovery of the mind and heart. Help us bring hope and potential help to nano-rare patients today. For free, for life.

Follow us on social for updates on our latest efforts